Current situation and development trend of the mos

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The current situation and development trend of gravure printing industry (I)

with the continuous development of market economy, especially the rapid development of food, beverage, cigarette, medicine, health care products, cosmetics, washing products and clothing, the demand for gravure printing is increasing. With the increasing demand for quality, gravure printing has developed rapidly in China. At present, the market share of various printing methods in China has changed significantly: offset printing accounts for 42%, gravure printing 22%, embossing 20%, flexographic printing 8%, and other printing 8%. Gravure printing has become the second largest printing branch after offset lithography, and it is the main printing method of packaging printing

general situation of gravure printing industry in China

gravure printing is mainly used in three fields abroad: Publishing and printing industry such as magazines and product catalogs, commodity packaging and printing industry, and special-purpose fields such as banknotes, stamps and other securities and decorative materials. Gravure printing occupies 30% ~ 40% of the market share in the printing market of magazines and product catalogs, 35% ~ 45% in the packaging printing market, and 25% in the book printing market

the research of German GfK Market Research Institute shows that in the field of publishing and packaging printing, gravure printing takes priority over other printing methods to occupy the main market share for most well-known magazines and brand products. Just as Mr. James siever, Secretary General of the European gravure Association, said: as a printing process, gravure printing has always maintained its unique high-grade and high-quality, which is the main reason why it can become the leading printing process for magazines, product catalogs and packaging products. Many well-known magazines in Germany, such as Spiegel, focus and stern, are printed in intaglio. The IKEA catalogue with a worldwide circulation of more than 130million is also printed in intaglio. Although the competition among gravure printing, offset printing and flexographic printing is still fierce, it is an indisputable fact that gravure printing has recaptured part of the market while maintaining its inherent market

in China, gravure printing is mainly used in the latter two fields, namely, packaging printing and special printing. Packaging printing is mainly used in the two fields of flexible packaging and folding carton. The product range is very wide, such as cigarette label, wine label, various food and beverage packaging, maternal and child health products packaging, grain and seed packaging, etc. It mainly shows the following characteristics

1. Gravure printing enterprises have a large scale and a large number of employees

according to incomplete statistics, there are more than 5000 flexible packaging gravure printing plants in China, mainly focusing on food packaging printing; There are more than 200 folding carton gravure printing plants, most of which have gravure printing production lines. There are more than 50 gravure printing production lines in Yunnan Province alone

special fields include many aspects, mainly wood grain paper and decorative printing. There are more than 200 wood grain paper and decorative printing plants in China (Guangdong and Jiangsu are the largest, among which there are more than 50 printing plants of a certain scale). There are also some securities (such as banknotes and stamps) and lottery printing houses, with a total of more than 20

among many gravure printing enterprises, China's flexible packaging material production base (Shenda science and Technology Industrial Park), including 16 production enterprises including Shenda, Jiangsu Shenlong venture and Nanjing Zhongda film making enterprise groups, has formed a production scale with an annual output of 130000 tons of various plastic packaging base materials and color printing composite flexible packaging, and is the largest export packaging production base in China. There are 1700 employees in the park. In 2002, the sales revenue reached 2billion yuan. In addition, a large number of enterprises, such as Shanghai Zijiang, Dalian Dafu, Zhongshan Dafu, Shanghai white cat, Shanghai Hezhong, Beijing Debao shangsan, Wuxi Cathay Pacific, baobai group, Zhejiang adier, Yunnan Qiaotong, Lianyungang Zhongjin, Shantou Dongfeng, Shenzhen Jinjia, Tianjin dingzheng, Guilian, Yunnan Yuxi, have good product quality and economic benefits, and have developed rapidly. Dalian Dafu Plastic Color Printing Co., Ltd. has 10 gravure printing production lines, with sales of 500million yuan in 2003. Its products include milk powder packaging, shampoo packaging, food bags, cooking bags, laundry powder bags, underwear bags, etc

the field of flexible packaging gravure printing is basically a domestic private enterprise and a foreign-invested enterprise, which is totally market-oriented operation on the whole. The main body in the field of cigarette bag gravure printing is a Sino foreign joint venture, and domestic private enterprises are rapidly expanding and penetrating. The field of decorative printing is basically the same as that of flexible packaging gravure printing. However, in the field of folding carton gravure printing, the proportion of foreign capital and domestic private capital is increasing. On the whole, private enterprises have become the main body of investment, and the industry operation is close to complete marketization

there are also a considerable number of gravure plate making manufacturers. More than 20 gravure plate making companies, such as Yuncheng, Seiko and Toyo laser, have successively introduced more than 650 electronic engraving machines (about 400 of which are owned by Yuncheng plate making group) and about 10 sets of laser engraving systems from abroad, which are mainly used for the production of plastic gravure plate cylinder and cigarette bag gravure plate cylinder, basically meeting the plate making needs of domestic gravure printing enterprises

the plastic film industry has adopted the most advanced production equipment in the world. There are about 100 production lines only for biaxial stretching equipment. The output of plastic film has been able to meet the current domestic demand

a considerable number of gravure ink and adhesive manufacturers have also been established, including some of the most famous manufacturers in the world, and some small and medium-sized enterprises have continued to join them. According to industry estimates, there are more than 200 gravure ink manufacturers in China

overall, the total number of enterprises in gravure printing and related industries in China has drawn out more than 7000 conductors and isolation layers (if any)

2. Gravure printing equipment comes from a wide range of sources and has a wide range of technical levels.

in the field of flexible packaging gravure printing, in addition to a large number of domestic equipment, there are also medium and high-grade equipment imported from Japan, South Korea, Italy and Germany, as well as world-class gravure printing equipment from Europe. Cigarette bag gravure printing basically adopts imported equipment, mainly from companies such as ceroody in Italy, boster in Switzerland, chambond in France, golden printing in Australia, and a small amount of gravure printing equipment in the United States, Germany and other countries. A few cigarette bag printing plants have also introduced the world's most advanced cigarette bag gravure printing equipment. So far, China has introduced more than 500 gravure printing production lines (including gravure printing equipment imported from Taiwan Province), many of which have reached the international advanced level. More than 4000 domestic gravure printing machines, large and small, have been put into use

according to statistics, at present, there are more than 70 gravure machine manufacturers in China, most of which are web gravure machine manufacturers. The main manufacturers include Shaanxi Beiren Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., Zhongshan Songde Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd., Xi'an Aerospace Huayang printing and packaging equipment Co., Ltd., Shanzhang Light Industry Machinery Industry Co., Ltd., Huaying flexible packaging equipment General Factory, Ningbo Xinda Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., etc. There are also a few manufacturers of sheet fed gravure printing machines, such as Beijing zhenhenri Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., Shanghai Ziming Machinery Co., Ltd., Shanghai Hairun Machinery Co., Ltd., etc

the scale of domestic gravure machine manufacturers varies greatly, ranging from less than 2million yuan in annual sales to about 200million yuan in annual sales. In general, gravure machine manufacturing enterprises vary in size, but the product types are similar. According to incomplete statistics, the annual production and sales of domestic gravure printing machines of various grades and specifications exceed 500 sets. In recent years, manufacturing of domestic gravure printing equipment in 2015, China's private enterprises and other enterprises imported 61.15 million tons of non-ferrous metals, an increase of 9.36%, accounting for 4% of China's total non-ferrous metal imports, thus improving driving comfort by 5.25%; Exports reached 6.5702 million tons, an increase of 14.9%, accounting for 64.49% of China's total non-ferrous metal exports. The level and printing speed have been significantly improved. Zhongshan Songde and Shaanxi beiren have launched a web gravure printing machine with a maximum speed of 300 m/min. Some of the flexible packaging gravure printing machines, laminating machines, coating machines, slitting machines and other equipment have approached the level of similar products in Japan, and their compatibility has also been significantly enhanced

in addition, there are a considerable number of gravure machine auxiliary equipment and component manufacturers that continue to be added. These manufacturers can provide tension control system, alignment control system, deviation correction device, image viewer, corona treatment device, ESA, rubber roller, die cutting equipment and cutting tools, etc. Generally speaking, almost all auxiliary devices of gravure printing equipment are produced by domestic manufacturers

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