Current situation and future development trend of

2022-08-07
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Current situation and future development trend of new energy vehicles

developing new energy vehicles is a national strategy. After more than 10 years of research, development and demonstration operation, China's new energy automobile industry has formed a complete industrial chain from raw material supply, R & D and production of key components such as power batteries and vehicle controllers, to vehicle design and manufacturing, and supporting construction of charging infrastructure, and has a foundation for industrialization

in 2012, the State Council issued the development plan for energy saving and new energy vehicle industry (2012-2020), which put forward specific industrialization goals for the new energy vehicle industry: by 2020, the production capacity of pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles will reach 2million, and the cumulative production and sales volume will exceed 5million. Since then, the state has successively issued a series of supporting subsidy and preferential policies. These policies are mainly vehicle purchase subsidy policies, including nationwide vehicle purchase tax reduction, government and public agency procurement, supportive electricity price, charging infrastructure construction support, etc., to provide all-round support to the new energy automobile industry

with the support of national and local government supporting policies, China's new energy vehicles have achieved a leap forward in industrialization and scale. In 2011, the output of new energy vehicles in China was only 8000, accounting for less than one thousandth of the national automobile output; In 2017, the output of new energy vehicles in China reached 794000, accounting for more than 2.7% of the national automobile output. In the first quarter of 2018, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China reached 150000 and 143000 respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 156.9% and 154.3% respectively

China has been the world's largest country in the production and marketing of new energy vehicles for three consecutive years. In 2017, the global total sales of new energy vehicles exceeded 1.42 million, and the cumulative sales exceeded 3.4 million. By the end of 2017, the cumulative sales of new energy vehicles in China had reached 1.8 million, accounting for more than 50% of the global cumulative sales. China ranks first in the world in terms of sales volume, growth rate and global market share

2. specific fields (passenger cars, passenger cars, special vehicles, charging piles, power batteries)

the above is an introduction from a macro perspective. Many partners in China have also developed various brief methods to identify the overall development level of new energy vehicles with smooth oil functions. The following is an introduction from several specific key fields, including passenger cars, passenger cars, special vehicles, charging piles, and power batteries

new energy passenger vehicles. In 2017, China sold 578000 new energy passenger vehicles, accounting for 74% of the total sales of new energy vehicles. In 2017, the top ten enterprises in terms of sales of new energy passenger vehicles were BYD, BAIC new energy, SAIC passenger vehicles, Zhidou, Zhongtai, Chery, Jiangling, Chang'an, JAC and Geely

new energy passenger cars. In 2017, 87000 new energy buses were sold in China. The main enterprises are: Yutong, BYD, Futian, Xiamen Jinlong, Xiamen Jinlv, Suzhou Jinlong, Zhuhai Yinlong, Ankai bus, Nanjing Jinlong, Zhongtong bus, Hunan CRRC times, Shenlong bus, etc

new energy vehicles. In 2017, 152000 new energy special vehicles were sold in China. In 2017, the top ten enterprises in the sales of new energy special vehicles were Dongfeng, Shaanxi Tongjia, xinchufeng, Chongqing Ruichi, Nanjing Jinlong, Zhongtong bus, Chengdu Universiade, Chery, Shanxi Chenggong and Geely commercial vehicles

charging point. By the end of 2017, the number of charging piles nationwide had reached 450000, and the upgrading of public charging facilities has basically completed the new national standard. There were 210000 public charging piles, an increase of 51% year-on-year. Based on the ownership of 1.72 million new energy vehicles, the vehicle pile ratio of new energy vehicles is about 3.8:1. Charging infrastructure is still a weak point in our development

power battery. In 2017, the total installed power of new energy vehicle (EV + PHEV) power battery in China was about 36.24gwh, an increase of about 29.4% year-on-year compared with the data of 28gwh in 2016. In 2017, the installed capacity of power batteries ranked second. The top ten enterprises in the operating principle of thin film pendulum impact testing machine are: Ningde times, Bi testing machine is a kind of material. Before being put into use, Yadi, Waterma, GuoXuan high tech, BIC power, Funeng, Lishen, Guoneng, Yiwei lithium energy and Zhihang

II. Future development trend of new energy vehicles

1. the new energy vehicle market is gradually changing from policy driven to market driven. At present, a profound change is taking place in the field of new energy vehicles in China, which can be summarized as four changes: (1) the consumption structure has changed from paying equal attention to passenger businesses to focusing on passenger cars; (2) The main body of consumption changes from public domain to private purchase; (3) Private consumption areas have changed from restricted cities to non restricted cities; (4) The private consumption ecology has changed from passive acceptance to active purchase. These four trends show that market factors are playing an increasingly important role in promoting the development of new energy vehicles, and the new energy vehicle market is gradually changing from policy driven to market driven

2. the general trend of "new four modernizations" is that new energy vehicles will usher in high-speed development because they are more suitable to evolve into advanced intelligent mobile terminals. The "new four modernizations" of the automotive industry, that is, electrification, integration, intelligence and sharing, has become a recognized future trend in the automotive industry. Without the "four modernizations" feature, it is likely to be eliminated. It is estimated that by 2027, among the new car buyers, the post-00s will account for 7.2%, the post-90s will account for 41.8% and the post-80s will account for 35.4%. These generations have grown up in an Internet environment, and they live without connections. Therefore, the automobile will evolve to advanced intelligent mobile terminals, and new energy vehicles will usher in high-speed development

3. the production and sales of new energy vehicles will continue to grow rapidly, and the market scale will reach trillion. It is estimated that the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China will exceed 1million in 2018 and 2million in 2020. It is estimated that by 2030, China's annual sales of new energy passenger vehicles will exceed 13million; Large and medium-sized new energy buses will become the main force of bus sales. From 2018 to 2030, the market space brought by new energy passenger vehicles and new energy large and medium-sized buses will reach 13.9 trillion yuan. In order to keep pace with the development of new energy vehicles, it is estimated that in 2030, when the number of new energy passenger vehicles is close to 70million, the corresponding market space for plastic bottle manufacturers' charging services is 510billion yuan

from 2015 to 2030, the number and route of energy-saving vehicles, new energy vehicles, intelligent vehicles and connected vehicles will be popularized.

globally, it is expected that the sales volume of new energy vehicles will reach 6million in 2022; By 2030, the global annual sales volume of new and new energy vehicles is expected to reach 103million

4. the competition in the new energy vehicle industry will become more and more fierce, and enterprises need capital and technology to base themselves on

on April 17, the national development and Reform Commission announced that the restrictions on the proportion of foreign shares in new energy vehicles would be abolished in 2018. At the same time, more and more emerging car making forces are entering. The competition in the new energy automobile industry will become more and more fierce, and the process of scouring the sand by the waves has begun. The enterprise needs three conditions: first, it has core technology; 2、 Have marketable products; 3、 Have capital support or financing capacity

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