The hottest machine replacement in the Pearl River

2022-08-08
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Machine replacement in the Pearl River Delta to cope with the "wage rise tide"

what should enterprises do when the expected wage increase of workers is close to 10%? In the Pearl River Delta, an important manufacturing area, machine replacement is becoming an important means for enterprises to cope with the rising tide of wages. China business daily and other media have published articles on this, which are excerpted as follows

in 2015, Standard Chartered Bank carried out the sixth annual Pearl River Delta manufacturing survey. The survey shows that wages in the Pearl River Delta may rise by 8.4% this year; Wage increases are reflected in the continuous improvement of productivity, and increasing automation investment and optimizing production processes and processes are common practices for manufacturing enterprises in the Pearl River Delta to cope with labor shortages and wage increases

machine replacement to cope with the wage rise

according to the survey conducted by the Department of Commerce of Guangdong Province from the end of last year to the beginning of this year, only 20% of foreign trade enterprises expect orders to increase in 2015, and more than 40% of enterprises expect orders to decline. Corresponding to the pessimistic expectation of the trade situation is the expectation of rising wages of employees still existing in all storage tanks and pipelines. Standard Chartered Bank conducted a survey on manufacturing enterprises in the Pearl River Delta from the end of February to the end of March this year and found that compared with the survey last year, the surveyed enterprises expected their wages to rise by 10% - 15%. The average wage increase in 2015 is expected to be 8.4%, higher than last year's 8.1%

a set of data released at the Guangdong Provincial Scientific and Technological Innovation Conference showed that the per capita wage of front-line workers in the manufacturing industry in Guangdong Province reached 46000 yuan as early as 2013, 2.9 times that of 10 years ago. Using the official CPI as the price deflator, the expected real wage increase in 2015 is about 6.8%, higher than 6.1% in 2014 and 5.8% in 2013. The executive of the Standard Chartered Bank report said that the continuous acceleration of real wage growth should provide important support for household consumption. In the context of China's economic slowdown this year, the positive significance of this point may be ignored

in the face of business pressure, more and more enterprises began to put machine replacement on the agenda. In Shunde, Foshan, on the production line of a refrigeration equipment company, the production of air-conditioning remote controllers originally required 7 workers. After the adoption of automated industrial robots, the number of employees required was reduced to 2, and the assembly efficiency was 1.5 times higher than in the past

this trend has been actively supported by local governments in the Pearl River Delta. At the end of March 2015, the Guangdong Provincial People's government issued the notice on the three-year action plan (year) for the industrial transformation and upgrading of Guangdong Province, proposing that Guangdong Province will invest 943billion yuan in the next three years to guide 20000 Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size to complete a new round of technological transformation. Since 2014, the Dongguan municipal government has allocated 200million yuan of financial funds every year for three consecutive years to encourage enterprise machine replacement. After meeting the conditions of key demonstration and promotion projects and using Dongguan produced equipment, the maximum amount of subsidy for a single project can reach 5million yuan

according to public statistics, from September 2014 to the first quarter of this year, Dongguan received 505 valid application projects for the implementation of machine replacement, with a total investment of 4.26 billion yuan, of which the application of production equipment amounted to 700million yuan, which is expected to reduce the employment of 34378 people, the average qualification rate of products increased significantly from 89.3% to 96.6%, the average unit product cost decreased by 10%, and the annual sales revenue could reach 29.16 billion yuan. Although the rise of labor costs and wages has brought challenges to manufacturing enterprises, it reflects the improvement of productivity and the increase of product complexity in China. At the same time, automation equipment and robots are conducive to enhancing the value of China's manufacturing industry. Standard Chartered Bank manufacturing report concluded

machine replacement should not blindly follow the trend

despite the above upsurge in machine replacement, the industry generally believes that machine replacement is not easy. In particular, it should be noted that machine replacement should not be a simple replacement of labor by machines, but should be combined with industrial upgrading. For the domestic robot industry and the government, in addition to pursuing breakthroughs in the core technology of robot manufacturing, we should also pay attention to the expansion of robot supporting services

for example, in the current process of machine replacement, a prominent problem is the high-end robot application in low-end industries, such as bathroom hardware (polishing) industry. The production mode of this kind of industry is backward, but it has a wide range of industries, large market space, and is extremely sensitive to price. Because the tensile strength of plastic is a very important index for the inspection of plastic mechanical properties, the complexity of robots in this aspect is much greater than that of robots such as welding. It requires the robot body to be waterproof, dustproof and explosion-proof. The requirements for control include force control, offline programming, etc., while the process requires surface planning, grinding, etc., which is very complex, resulting in extremely high costs. For such enterprises, if they blindly follow the fashion and replace machines, even with government subsidies, the standard sample size is 10 × ten × Under 55mm, I'm afraid it will also lead to a survival crisis due to high investment

Gu Chunyuan, President of ABB China, one of the world's four largest industrial robot manufacturers, also pointed out that in this case, relying solely on government subsidies and moving forward machine replacement, the effect is still difficult to achieve expectations. He believes that manufacturing enterprises and governments should not only look at robots from the perspective of replacement, but should think deeply about how to use robots to change the process flow, solve the manufacturing cycle, cost and ensure that the bending axis is plumb; Three technological process problems make products more competitive, so as to realize transformation and upgrading

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