The hottest machine tool industry in China has ent

2022-08-10
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China's machine tool industry has entered the development stage of "from big to strong"

Shi Yong, director of the major equipment information center of the machinery industry information research institute, often uses the equivalent center of inertia. He has been paying attention to the development of China's heavy industry for many years, and he believes that China's machine tool industry has entered the critical period of strategic transformation of "from big to strong". What made him come to this conclusion? There are six reasons supporting his formation of this judgment

the first is the market competition environment. He believes that in addition to the guidance of national policies, an important reason for the rapid growth of the machine tool industry in recent years is that the machine tool industry has basically allocated resources by the market and belongs to one of the industries with the most abundant and active market competition. During this period, famous private enterprises, such as Vientiane, Haitian, Sany Heavy Industry, Xinrui and other enterprises, entered the machine tool industry on a large scale

according to the statistics he obtained, the proportion of new private investment in China's machine tool industry has increased from 40% in 2004 to more than 70% in 2010

the second is the development stage. Shi Yong said that just as the economic cycle in the last decade of the 20th century witnessed the rise of household appliances, textiles, clothing and other industries, and the economic cycle in the first decade of the 21st century set off an upsurge in steel, cement and other industries, the new round of economic cycle also needs new and long-term growth industries to lead, and the equipment manufacturing industry represented by the machine tool industry is undoubtedly duty bound

"according to the strategic industry leading growth theory of Japanese economists, when the power and steel industries complete the mission of the first and second group of strategic industries, the third group of leading strategic industries will be equipment manufacturing."

the third is the transformation of development mode. Shi Yong told that in the past, the development of China's machine tool industry was a period of "from scratch", following the model of machine driven parts development, and its development law was "top-down"

now China's machine tool industry has entered the development stage of "from big to strong", and its development law is "from bottom to top"

"my judgment is that in the new stage and new period, China is entering the low-efficiency material utilization and material waste, which attach equal importance to the development of complete machines and parts, will lead to the improvement of overall cost, and the real era of innovation has come." Shi Yong said that in the 1950s, Japan also gave priority to the development of industrial transformation and upgrading, but in the 1960s, it quickly adjusted its development strategy and gave priority to the development of basic technology and basic parts. Since then, the Japanese machine tool industry has developed very rapidly

the fourth is the change of development path. In the past, China's development of machine tool industry followed the path of "trade, industry and technology", that is, the road of trade giving priority to development, and foreign trade policy is the most powerful policy

after entering the new era, in the case of overcapacity of a large number of products, it is an inevitable trend to change the development of "trade, industry and technology" to "technology, industry and trade"

fifth, innovation becomes the foundation of reorganization. The power of merger and reorganization of machine tool industry is gradually shifting from the back end of the industrial chain to the front end of the industrial chain. Shi Yong judged that in the face of increasing R & D costs, low costs and R & D risks, using a common technology at the bottom to support the related diversified products at the top, so as to increase the competitiveness of enterprises, has become a major trend of mergers and acquisitions of machine tool enterprises in the world today

sixth, innovation promotes the alternation of old and new development models. "It is certain that the machine tool industry will bid farewell to the past 'rapid rise' and enter a period of steady adjustment. Slowing down will undoubtedly 'surface' various contradictions."

"only in this situation, price competition will gradually turn to value competition. The result of competition will further concentrate high-quality industrial resources on highly competitive enterprises, and promoting industrial transformation and upgrading through enhancing innovation capacity will become the best way to solve various contradictory combinations." Shi Yong said, "this will be the best way for the machine tool industry to move towards the high end of the industry."

Shi Yong believes that in this round of economic crisis, China's equipment manufacturing industry has shown its strong development force, becoming a counter cyclical regulator rather than a pro cyclical participant, so it will be the driving force of China's new economic cycle in the future

machine tool industry is not only an integral part of strategic emerging industries, but also an important basis for ensuring the healthy development of other strategic emerging industries. "In this sense, the machine tool industry is the central link in the development of strategic emerging industries."

"previously, the competition in the machine tool industry has intensified. In fact, this competition category has long been global." Shi Yong emphasized

he said that since the global financial crisis and economic recession, countries such as the United States, Europe, Japan and Russia have been reviewing their development strategies to cope with the crisis, recover their economies and seize the opportunities and commanding heights of future development, constantly accelerating the "Reindustrialization", cultivating and developing strategic emerging industries supported by new energy sources, energy conservation, environmental protection and low carbon, biomedicine, new materials, a new generation of information networks, smart electricity, ocean, space and other technologies, Rebuild the industrial system dominated by strategic emerging industries on a global scale, and the machine tool industry is also an important link

for example, on June 16, 2011, the U.S. Department of Commerce announced the implementation of the strategic trade licensing exception, excluding China from 44 countries and regions that can enjoy trade facilitation measures

in addition, under the background that there is no obvious sign of recovery in the world's developed economies, China's machinery industry will face more challenges in the global competition pattern, friction will be more frequent, and will further spread from low-end products to high-end products, from product trade links to institutional environment, from a single "two anti one guarantee" trade remedy investigation to intellectual property rights, technical barriers to trade Industrial competitiveness survey and other ways of diffusion. The domestic market share of the U.S. equipment manufacturing industry, which had been declining before the outbreak of the financial crisis, rose from 67.4% in 2007 to 69.72% in 2010

with the improvement of the innovation ability of domestic enterprises, the governments and enterprises of developed countries such as the United States, Japan and Germany have improved their awareness of prevention against Chinese enterprises and strengthened the control of the export of advanced technologies and equipment to China

"due to the long industrial chain of machine tool industry, one link is' blocked ', and the development of the whole industry is restricted. On the other hand, the cost of imported advanced technology and equipment has risen sharply."

Shi Yong said that compared with developing domestic machine tool manufacturing enterprises, multinational companies have obvious competitive advantages. It is mainly reflected in the construction of R & D system and production system by dominating global advantageous resources, and playing a leading role in the global network,

"it is worth noting that at present, a large number of foreign investment has entered China's key basic parts field, forming a closed monopoly of the domestic basic parts market in the form of a supply chain, which not only transmits profits to China through this supply chain, but also has a very significant impact on the entire industrial security and even economic security."

he told that from his research, now multinational companies have shifted from the external transfer of large-scale manufacturing activities to the global expansion mode of R & D, headquarters base establishment, investment and financing and other functions. The significance of this is that they can build an increasingly powerful R & D system and production system by dominating Global advantageous resources

based on this, Shi Yong also put forward his own suggestions:

1 Focus on supporting the key basic technologies represented by CNC system and functional components, and form a new situation in which the innovation and development of complete machine and key basic technologies jointly drive the improvement of the overall capacity of the industry

2. Focus on supporting enterprises with vertical integration capabilities that can provide comprehensive solutions, and support the transformation of production-oriented enterprises to research-oriented and service-oriented enterprises

3. Encourage the establishment of intellectual property alliances to improve the overall competitive chips of domestic industries, and defend against external competition and friction to avoid a major impact on industrial security

4. Encourage overseas mergers and acquisitions with the main purpose of improving technological innovation capabilities, and support the active use of global advantageous resources to establish a global R & D system and production network

5. Build multi-dimensional industrial advantages, maintain cost advantages and price advantages, further expand division of labor and market advantages, constantly tap goodwill advantages, make rational use of capital advantages, and strive to build standard advantages and core technology advantages

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